Tang Soo Do - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tang Soo Do (Hangul: . In the early 1. 93.
Japan's annexation of Okinawa. Funakoshi claimed Okinawan Karate could . By the 1. 96. 0s, there were nine major kwans, which were based on an original five: 1) the Chung Do Kwan (Won Kuk Lee), 2) Moo Duk Kwan (Hwang Kee), 3) Song Moo Kwan (Ro Byung Jick), 4) Chang Moo Kwan (Yoon Byung- In), and 5) Jidokwan (Chun Sang Sup).
Chun's original style, Yun Mu Kwan karate (. In 1. 93. 6, Hwang Kee attracted the attention of the Japanese secret police, forcing him to pack his bags and set out on foot for Manchuria. As a result, Hwang Kee decided to enter China, where he would live the next 2. He entered China at night from the southern end of the Great Wall of China, which he scaled and descended into China on the other side.
I ran up the side of the wall two or three steps and then grabbed at the top. Once on top, I distracted the soldiers guarding the other side by throwing rocks away from where I climbed down. Hwang. At this time in China, it was hard for any martial artist to find a master willing to take them on as a student. Despite this, Hwang Kee became acquainted with Master Yang, who taught Hwang Kee the northern style Yang kung- fu (Nei- ga- ryu), a stronger and more passive art than the southern style that can be used at close quarters. Following the conclusion of World War II, Hwang Kee returned to Korea.
Tang Soo Do; Also known as: Dang Soo Do, Kong Soo Do: Founder: Won Kuk Lee, Hwang Kee: Ancestor arts: Subak, Chuan fa, Shotokan Karate: Descendant arts: Moo Duk Kwan. Trademark Enforcement. 2006, the World Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do. The World Dang (Tang) Soo Do Union (WDU) Homepage. The WDU is headquartered at the historic Soungtan Moo Duk Kwan Dojang in Soungtan, Korea.
Founding of original kwans. The five prominent kwans and their respective founders were: Chung Do Kwan (Won Kuk Lee), Yun Moo Kwan/Jidokwan (Chun Sang Sup), Chang Moo Kwan (Lee Nam Suk and Kim Soon Bae), Moo Duk Kwan (Hwang Kee), and Song Moo Kwan (Ro Byung Jik). Around 1. 95. 3, shortly after the Korean War, four more annex kwans formed. These second- generation kwans and their principal founders were Oh Do Kwan (Choi Hong Hi and Nam Tae Hi), Han Moo Kwan (Lee Kyo Yoon), Kang Duk Won (Park Chul Hee and Hong Jong Pyo) and Jung Do Kwan (Lee Young Woo). Tae Kwon Do Association. After receiving the ROK Army Field Manual (which contained martial arts training curriculum under the new name of Taekwondo) from General Choi, Rhee began using the name . There are still a multitude of contemporary Taekwondo schools in the United States that teach what is known as .
This nomenclature reflects this government- ordered kwan merger. In 1. 96. 4, the Korean Tae Soo Do Association was formed which, in 1.
Moo Duk Kwan History; Home Moo Do Chul. The World Moo Duk Kwan Symposium is the annual leadership event for World Moo Duk Kwan World Moo Duk Kwan Patch Puerto Rico In World Moo Duk Kwan Patches.
N Moo Duk Kwan patch n Yuhk Ro Hyung, Chil Song Hyung n Ko Dan Ja Shim Sa. This is a two part question. You must select two answers. Introduced the new World Moo Duk Kwan patch as well as the Moo Do Chul Hak in. 3rd World Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan Championship.
Korean Tae Kwon Do Association. Because of its political influence, the Tae Kwon Do group, led by its second president, General Choi Hong Hi, tried to unify it with the Korean Soo Bahk Do Association. Kwan Jang Nim's organization was the largest martial arts system in Korea at the time. Grandmaster Hwang Kee agreed to discuss unification but, when it became clear that he would not be in charge of the new organization, he ultimately refused. The result was a weakening of the Moo Duk Kwan as the Tae Kwon Do movement grew in strength, absorbing many Moo Duk Kwan members in the process. Tae Soo Do Association. On September 1. 6, 1.
The name was changed back to the . Hwang Kee and a large constituent of the Moo Duk Kwan continued to develop a version of Tang Soo Do that eventually became what is now known as . This modified version of Tang Soo Do incorporates more fluid . The World Tang Soo Do Association and the International Tang Soo Do Federation teach systems of Tang Soo Do that existed before the Taekwondo .
These versions of Tang Soo Do are heavily influenced by Korean culture and also appear to be related to Okinawan Karate as initially taught in Japan by Gichin Funakoshi. Recognition. The Amateur Athletic Union Taekwondo recognizes Tang Soo Do ranks, permits Tang Soo Do hyeong in competition and hosts non- Olympic- style point- sparring to accommodate the various traditional Korean stylists. Actor Chuck Norris popularized Tang Soo Do in the Western world, and from it evolved the martial art Chun Kuk Do.
Ranking systems. However, minor deviations according to organization and/or individual school are commonplace. One differentiating characteristic of the Moo Duk Kwan style is that the black belt, or dan rank, is frequently represented by a midnight blue belt for students who attain dan rank. The reason for the midnight blue belt is the belief in Korean culture that black symbolizes perfection. As no one is perfect, the belt for the dan rank is a midnight blue color. It was also a belief of the founder of Moo Duk Kwan, Hwang Kee, that black is a color to which nothing can be added, thus blue signifies that a dan holder is still learning.
The Moo Duk Kwan lineage of Tang Soo Do incorporates a red- striped midnight blue (or black) belt to denote individuals who have reached the rank of Sa Beom (master . In other systems, the 7th through 9th dan ranks are signified with two red stripes running along the length of a midnight blue (or black) belt. The original non- dan, or gup, belt colors established by Hwang Kee were white belt, green belt, and red belt. In the 1. 97. 0s, an orange belt was added after the white belt, along with either one or two stripes on the orange, green and red belts, encompassing ten gup (student) levels, and is currently the system in use in the Moo Duk Kwan. In the mid- 1. 98. Many variations of this ranking system are still used and typically employ other colors (such as yellow, brown, purple, and blue). However, this is primarily a western influence.
The black belts (or midnight blue belts) are called dans and each degree has its own specific name. The dan rank ranges from 1st through 9th degree. In the Moo Duk Kwan, dan level is known by its Korean numeration, such as cho dan (1st), ee dan (2nd) and sam dan (3rd), and onward.
In many organizations, the titles of kyosu (instructor . One may not test for kyosu (certified instructor) until 2nd dan, or sabom (master instructor) until 4th dan or above. Dan levels from 4th dan onward are known as kodanja (. Also in the U. S., a simple timing structure was created for the dan ranking system. If in constant study, then it was easy to measure when testing for the next rank. The next dan number was equal to the minimum number of years that must be spent training to achieve that dan. For example, a first dan would have two years before they could be a candidate for second dan, and so on.
Techniques and patterns. Tang Soo Do forms are a set of moves demonstrating a defensive or aggressive action for every movement taken mainly from Japanese shotokankaratekata. They are based on an offender attacking and one demonstrating the form reacting to their attack.
They are generally memorized and demonstrated at a test for ranking up or a tournament. Traditionally, nine forms are included in the curriculum of most Tang Soo Do schools, which are required study to earn the midnight blue belt. These hyung are: Kee Cho forms: kee cho il bu, kee cho ee bu, kee cho sam bu. The Kee Cho series comprises basic patterns. The Pyung Ahn series was adopted from Okinawan and Japanese karate, where they are called Pinan/Heian and are the creation of Yasutsune Itosu, who also was one of Funakoshi. The Bassai form is also from karate, where it is called Passai/Bassai Dai, and was created by Okinawan Bushi Sokon Matsumura. According to Hwang Kee, he learned these forms from studying Japanese books on Okinawan karate.
Most scholars agree that the primary text Hwang Kee relied upon was Gichin Funakoshi's Rentan Goshin Toudi- Jutsu published in Japan in 1. However, almost all original 5 kwan instructors taught these same forms and had them in their curriculum as they were direct students of Japanese Karate masters, like Gichin Funakoshi or his contemporary peer Kanren Toyama, founder of shudokan karate; or they were friends and students of the other kwan leaders. Usually performed in pairs, this begins with a bow for respect. One partner then attacks, often with a simple punch, and the other person will perform a series of premeditated techniques, often in a block- attack- takedown sequence. Free sparring. Tang Soo Do sparring consists of point matches that are based on the three- point rule (the first contestant to score three points wins) or a two- minute rule (a tally of points over one two- minute round, but see also AAU Taekwondo point sparring handbook). Lead and rear- leg kicks and lead and rear- arm hand techniques all score equally (one point per technique). However, to encourage the use of jumping and spinning kicks, these techniques may be scored with a higher point value than standing techniques in some competitions.
Open- hand techniques other than the ridgehand and leg sweeps are typically not allowed. As in traditional Japanese karate- do kumite, scoring techniques in Tang Soo Do competition should be decisive. That is, all kicking and hand techniques that score should be delivered with sufficient footing and power so that, if they were delivered without being controlled, they would stop the aggressive motion of the opponent. There are also similarities between American freestyle point sparring (see North American Sport Karate Association . Much of the footwork is the same, but the position of the body when executing blows is markedly different between the styles of competition. Rapid- fire pump- kicking seen in American freestyle point sparring is sometimes used in Tang Soo Do competition.
However, in order to score, the final kick in the pump- kick combination should be delivered from a solid base (with erect posture) and with sufficient power, or the technique is not considered decisive. Consequently, the pace of a Tang Soo Do match can be somewhat slower than would be seen at a typical NASKA- type tournament, but the techniques, theoretically, should be somewhat more recognizable as linear, powerful blows that are delivered from reliably stable stances and body positions. Variation between Tang Soo Do competitions is extensive, but are typically standardized within the various associations.